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History of Factor Analysis: A Statistical Perspective

  1. David J. Bartholomew

Published Online: 15 OCT 2005

DOI: 10.1002/0470013192.bsa278

Encyclopedia of Statistics in Behavioral Science

Encyclopedia of Statistics in Behavioral Science

How to Cite

Bartholomew, D. J. 2005. History of Factor Analysis: A Statistical Perspective. Encyclopedia of Statistics in Behavioral Science. .

Author Information

  1. London School of Economics and Political Science, London, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 OCT 2005

Abstract

This article provides a brief, semi-technical history of factor analysis from 1904 to recent times. It begins with the pioneering work of Charles Spearman and finishes with the modern approach of covariance structure modeling, which has incorporated factor analysis into a larger statistical setting.

Keywords:

  • Spearman;
  • Maxwell;
  • Jöreskog;
  • thurstone;
  • latent variables;
  • factor loadings;
  • covariance structure analysis