Chapter 1. Diagnosis and Classification of Phobias: A Review

  1. Mario Maj2,
  2. Hagop S. Akiskal3,
  3. Juan José López-Ibor4 and
  4. Ahmed Okasha5
  1. Isaac Marks and
  2. David Mataix–Cols

Published Online: 28 JAN 2005

DOI: 10.1002/0470014113.ch1

Phobias, Volume 7

Phobias, Volume 7

How to Cite

Marks, I. and Mataix–Cols, D. (2004) Diagnosis and Classification of Phobias: A Review, in Phobias, Volume 7 (eds M. Maj, H. S. Akiskal, J. J. López-Ibor and A. Okasha), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/0470014113.ch1

Editor Information

  1. 2

    University of Naples, Italy

  2. 3

    University of California, San Diego, USA

  3. 4

    Complutense University of Madrid, Spain

  4. 5

    Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt

Author Information

  1. Institute of Psychiatry, King's College, London SE5 8AF, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 28 JAN 2005
  2. Published Print: 16 MAR 2004

Book Series:

  1. WPA Series

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470858332

Online ISBN: 9780470014110



  • phobia;
  • differential diagnosis;
  • panic and agoraphobia and depression and phobias


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • History of the Concept of Phobia

  • Purposes of Diagnostic and Other Classifications

  • Conundrums in Classifying Phobias

  • Potential Bases for a Taxonomy

  • Current Classifications of Phobic Disorders and Their Similarities and Differences

  • The Main Phobic Syndromes

  • Summary

  • References

This chapter also contains the following commentaries:

  • Two Procrustean or One King-size Bed for Comorbid Agoraphobia and Panic? Authored by Heinz Katschnig

  • Politics and Pathophysiology in the Classification of Phobias. Authored by Franklin R. Schneier

  • A Critical Evaluation of the Classification of Phobias. Authored by David V. Sheehan

  • The Role of Spontaneous, Unexpected Panic Attacks in the Diagnosis and Classification of Phobic Disorders. Authored by Giulio Perugi and Cristina Toni

  • Anxiety and Phobia: Issues in Classification. Authored by George C. Curtis

  • Nosology of the Phobias: Clues from the Genome. Authored by Raymond R. Crowe

  • Clusters, Comorbidity and Context in Classification of Phobic Disorders Authored by Joshua D. Lipsitz1

  • Comorbidity in Social Phobia: Nosological Implications. Authored by Constantin R. Soldatos and Thomas J. Paparrigopoulos

  • Giving Credit to “Neglected” or “Minor” Disorders. Authored by Charles Pull1 and Caroline Pull

  • A Cognitive Approach to Phobias. Authored by Jean-Pierre Lépine and Catherine Musa

  • Diagnosis and Classification of Phobias and Other Anxiety Disorders: Quite Different Categories or Just One Dimension? Authored by Miguel R. Jorge