Chapter 4. Re-evaluating the Link between Disasters and Psychopathology

  1. Juan José López-Ibor2,
  2. George Christodoulou3,
  3. Mario Maj4,
  4. Norman Sartorius5 and
  5. Ahmed Okasha6
  1. Rachel Yehuda and
  2. Linda M. Bierer

Published Online: 29 NOV 2005

DOI: 10.1002/047002125X.ch4

Disasters and Mental Health

Disasters and Mental Health

How to Cite

Yehuda, R. and Bierer, L. M. (2004) Re-evaluating the Link between Disasters and Psychopathology, in Disasters and Mental Health (eds J. J. López-Ibor, G. Christodoulou, M. Maj, N. Sartorius and A. Okasha), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/047002125X.ch4

Editor Information

  1. 2

    Department of Psychiatry and Medical Psychology, Complutense University of Madrid, Spain

  2. 3

    Department of Psychiatry, Athens University Medical School, Eginition Hospital, 72-74 Vas. Sofias Avenue, 11528 Athens, Greece

  3. 4

    University of Naples, Italy

  4. 5

    University of Geneva, Switzerland

  5. 6

    Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt

Author Information

  1. Bronx Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Mental Health Patient Care Center, 130 West Kingsbridge Road, Bronx, New York, NY 10468-3904, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 29 NOV 2005
  2. Published Print: 1 OCT 2004

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470021231

Online ISBN: 9780470021255



  • PTSD diagnosis;
  • acute stress disorder (ASD);
  • cognitive-behavioral stress management techniques;
  • peri-traumatic panic;
  • enhanced negative feedback inhibition;
  • trauma exposure;
  • concept of biological risk;
  • predisposing biology of PTSD


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • How do we know Whether a Response to Trauma is Pathological in its Immediate Aftermath?

  • What kind of Responses to Trauma should Mental Health Practitioners be Concerned About?

  • Does the PTSD Diagnosis Effectively Classify Symptomatic Persons Post-Trauma?

  • Core Predictors of Chronic Dysfunction in the Acute Phase

  • Biological Correlates of Acute Post-Trauma Predictors of Chronic Symptom Development

  • Pre-Trauma Risk for the Development of Post-Traumatic Mental Health Problems

  • The role of Biological Studies in Helping to Identify Pathological Responses

  • General Mechanisms Whereby Biological Findings in PTSD Might Reflect a Pathophysiology of the Disorder

  • Specific Mechanisms Potentially Contributing to the Pathophysiology of PTSD

  • Biological Risk Factors Contributing to PTSD

  • Implications of Biological Findings in PTSD for Strategies of Pharmacological Prophylaxis

  • Conclusions

  • References