Standard Article

Acetone Cyanohydrin

  1. Serkos A. Haroutounian

Published Online: 15 APR 2001

DOI: 10.1002/047084289X.ra014

e-EROS Encyclopedia of Reagents for Organic Synthesis

e-EROS Encyclopedia of Reagents for Organic Synthesis

How to Cite

Haroutounian, S. A. 2001. Acetone Cyanohydrin. e-EROS Encyclopedia of Reagents for Organic Synthesis. .

Author Information

  1. Agricultural University of Athens, Greece

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 APR 2001

Chemistry Terms

Choose one or more boxes to highlight terms.

Abstract

original image

[75-86-5] C4H7NO (MW 85.11)

(hydrogen cyanide source easier to handle and less toxic than HCN; transhydrocyanation; epoxide cleavage; formylation of arenes)

Physical Data: mp −19 °C; bp 82 °C/23 mmHg; bp 95 °C/760 mmHg; d 0.932 g cm−3; nD20 = 1.3992; fp 63 °C.

Solubility: freely sol water, usual organic solvents; insol petroleum ether, carbon disulfide.

Form Supplied in: light yellow liquid; widely available.

Analysis of Reagent Purity: IR: 3480 (s, OH); 2420 (w, CN); 1H NMR: 1.65 (s, 6H); 3.68 (br, 1H).

Handling, Storage, and Precautions: use in a fume hood. Highly toxic and harmful liquid. May be fatal if inhaled, swallowed, or absorbed through skin (toxicity data: oral (rat) LD50 0.17 g kg−1; skin (rabbit) LD50 17 mg kg−1). Causes severe irritation, while high concentrations are extremely destructive to tissues of mucous membranes and upper respiratory tract, eyes, and skin. Symptoms of exposure may include burning sensation, coughing, wheezing, laryngitis, shortness of breath, headache, or even cyanosis. Keep tightly closed and away from heat and open flame. Store in cool and dry place; combustible. Incompatible with strong acids, strong bases, strong oxidizing agents, and strong reducing agents. Thermal decomposition may produce hydrogen cyanide, carbon monoxide, and carbon dioxide.

Featured Compounds

VIEW

  1. 1 - 34
Compound Information
Molecular Weight:102.0886
Molecular Formula:C4H6O3
InChIKey:Not Available
View compound in article | Full details | Search for this compound
Compound Information
Molecular Weight:98.959
Molecular Formula:C2H4Cl2
InChIKey:WSLDOOZREJYCGB-UHFFFAOYSA-N
View compound in article | Full details | Search for this compound
Compound Information
Molecular Weight:Not Available
Molecular Formula:Not Available
InChIKey:Not Available
View compound in article | Full details | Search for this compound
Compound Information
Molecular Weight:219.1935
Molecular Formula:C11H9NO4
InChIKey:QLJQZNQAUINIDB-LLVKDONJSA-N
View compound in article | Full details | Search for this compound
Compound Information
Molecular Weight:180.2005
Molecular Formula:C10H12O3
InChIKey:AVWGFHZLPMLKBL-UHFFFAOYSA-N
View compound in article | Full details | Search for this compound
Compound Information
Molecular Weight:106.165
Molecular Formula:C8H10
InChIKey:CTQNGGLPUBDAKN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
View compound in article | Full details | Search for this compound
Compound Information
Molecular Weight:Not Available
Molecular Formula:Not Available
InChIKey:Not Available
View compound in article | Full details | Search for this compound
Compound Information
Molecular Weight:45.0837
Molecular Formula:C2H7N
InChIKey:Not Available
View compound in article | Full details | Search for this compound
Compound Information
Molecular Weight:313.4339
Molecular Formula:C20H27NO2
InChIKey:JYCSLUASXDFIEL-GAKWCIEDSA-N
View compound in article | Full details | Search for this compound
Compound Information
Molecular Weight:22.98976928
Molecular Formula:HNa
InChIKey:MPMYQQHEHYDOCL-UHFFFAOYSA-N
View compound in article | Full details | Search for this compound
Compound Information
Molecular Weight:264.3154
Molecular Formula:C12H24O6
InChIKey:XEZNGIUYQVAUSS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
View compound in article | Full details | Search for this compound
Compound Information
Molecular Weight:130.102
Molecular Formula:C4H6N2O3
InChIKey:LUXTZQMMTVEVJE-UHFFFAOYSA-N
View compound in article | Full details | Search for this compound
Compound Information
Molecular Weight:101.19
Molecular Formula:C6H15N
InChIKey:ZMANZCXQSJIPKH-UHFFFAOYSA-N
View compound in article | Full details | Search for this compound
Compound Information
Molecular Weight:133.341
Molecular Formula:AlCl3
InChIKey:VSCWAEJMTAWNJL-UHFFFAOYSA-K
View compound in article | Full details | Search for this compound
Compound Information
Molecular Weight:85.1045
Molecular Formula:C4H7NO
InChIKey:MWFMGBPGAXYFAR-UHFFFAOYSA-N
View compound in article | Full details | Search for this compound
Compound Information
Molecular Weight:202.724
Molecular Formula:C10H19ClN2
InChIKey:YGGYGONXIFOXON-UHFFFAOYSA-N
View compound in article | Full details | Search for this compound
Compound Information
Molecular Weight:147.1293
Molecular Formula:C5H9NO4
InChIKey:ZXBGJDZWJJFFQY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
View compound in article | Full details | Search for this compound
Compound Information
Molecular Weight:175.699
Molecular Formula:C9H18ClN
InChIKey:VWXJIIPKZCMCQN-YRNVUSSQSA-N
View compound in article | Full details | Search for this compound
Compound Information
Molecular Weight:177.1568
Molecular Formula:C9H7NO3
InChIKey:JWZKLCWLXKKOLL-UHFFFAOYSA-N
View compound in article | Full details | Search for this compound
Compound Information
Molecular Weight:100.1158
Molecular Formula:C5H8O2
InChIKey:HETCEOQFVDFGSY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
View compound in article | Full details | Search for this compound
Compound Information
Molecular Weight:207.2258
Molecular Formula:C11H13NO3
InChIKey:JANVFAVXANFOKT-UHFFFAOYSA-N
View compound in article | Full details | Search for this compound
Compound Information
Molecular Weight:63.0128
Molecular Formula:HNO3
InChIKey:GRYLNZFGIOXLOG-UHFFFAOYSA-N
View compound in article | Full details | Search for this compound
Compound Information
Molecular Weight:86.1323
Molecular Formula:C5H10O
InChIKey:HGBOYTHUEUWSSQ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
View compound in article | Full details | Search for this compound
Compound Information
Molecular Weight:58.0791
Molecular Formula:C3H6O
InChIKey:CSCPPACGZOOCGX-UHFFFAOYSA-N
View compound in article | Full details | Search for this compound
Compound Information
Molecular Weight:78.1118
Molecular Formula:C6H6
InChIKey:UHOVQNZJYSORNB-UHFFFAOYSA-N
View compound in article | Full details | Search for this compound
Compound Information
Molecular Weight:134.1751
Molecular Formula:C9H10O
InChIKey:POQJHLBMLVTHAU-UHFFFAOYSA-N
View compound in article | Full details | Search for this compound
Compound Information
Molecular Weight:174.1944
Molecular Formula:C8H14O4
InChIKey:UPQZOUHVTJNGFK-UHFFFAOYSA-N
View compound in article | Full details | Search for this compound
Compound Information
Molecular Weight:113.1576
Molecular Formula:C6H11NO
InChIKey:VKIGAWAEXPTIOL-ZCFIWIBFSA-N
View compound in article | Full details | Search for this compound
Compound Information
Molecular Weight:90.0812
Molecular Formula:C2H6N2O2
InChIKey:XRWKADIRZXTTLH-UHFFFAOYSA-N
View compound in article | Full details | Search for this compound
Compound Information
Molecular Weight:286.4085
Molecular Formula:C19H26O2
InChIKey:AEMFNILZOJDQLW-WFZCBACDSA-N
View compound in article | Full details | Search for this compound
Compound Information
Molecular Weight:65.1157
Molecular Formula:CKN
InChIKey:NNFCIKHAZHQZJG-UHFFFAOYSA-N
View compound in article | Full details | Search for this compound
Compound Information
Molecular Weight:150.1314
Molecular Formula:C8H6O3
InChIKey:SATCULPHIDQDRE-UHFFFAOYSA-N
View compound in article | Full details | Search for this compound
Compound Information
Molecular Weight:72.1057
Molecular Formula:C4H8O
InChIKey:WYURNTSHIVDZCO-UHFFFAOYSA-N
View compound in article | Full details | Search for this compound
Compound Information
Molecular Weight:Not Available
Molecular Formula:Not Available
InChIKey:Not Available
View compound in article | Full details | Search for this compound

VIEW

  1. 1 - 34