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Phosphotungstic Acid Hydrate

  1. Mohammad N. Noshi

Published Online: 16 SEP 2013

DOI: 10.1002/047084289X.rn01615

e-EROS Encyclopedia of Reagents for Organic Synthesis

e-EROS Encyclopedia of Reagents for Organic Synthesis

How to Cite

Noshi, M. N. 2013. Phosphotungstic Acid Hydrate. e-EROS Encyclopedia of Reagents for Organic Synthesis. .

Author Information

  1. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, MA, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 16 SEP 2013

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Abstract

Phosphotungstic Acid Hydrate

[12501-23-4] H3PW12O40·24H2O (MW 3312.2)

Phosphotungstic Acid 44-Hydrate

(reagent used as a recyclable superacid catalyst in solution or supported on silica or alumina. It has been utilized as a superacid for isomerization of cycloalkanes, as an acid catalyst for Prins cyclization reactions, dehydration of alcohols, hydration of olefins, and has also been utilized in oxidations of ketones to aldehydes and carboxylic acids)

Chemical Name: Tungstate(3−), tetracosa-μ-oxododecaoxo[μ12-[phosphato(3−)-κO:κO:κO:κO′:κO′:κ′;O″:κO″:κO″:κO″:κO″′:κO″′:κO″′]]dodeca-, trihydrogen.

Alternate Names: dodecatungstophosphoric acid; 12-phosphotungstic acid; 12-tungstophosphoric acid; phosphotungstic acid; tungstophosphoric acid; tungsten hydroxide oxide phosphate; tungsten hydrogen oxide phosphate; phosphowolframic acid; phosphotungstic acid 44-hydrate.

Common Abbreviations: PTA, PWA, TPA.

Physical Data: mp 89 °C (hydrate).

Solubility: soluble in H2O (1 g mL−1).

Preparative Method: phosphotungstic acid can be prepared by the reaction of sodium tungstate (Na2WO4·2H2O) with phosphoric acid (H3PO4) acidified with hydrochloric acid (HCl).1

Form Supplied in: colorless to gray, pale yellow, or slightly yellow-green, odorless crystals. It is also available as a 10% aqueous solution.

Purification: a few drops of conc. nitric acid (HNO3) are added to 100 g of phosphotungstic acid dissolved in 75 mL of water in a separatory funnel, and the solution is extracted with diethyl ether. The lowest of the three layers, which contains a phosphotungstic acid–ether complex, is separated and washed three times with 2 M HCl, then with water and again extracted with ether. Evaporation of the ether under vacuum with mild heating on a water bath gives crystals, which are dried under vacuum and ground.2

Dehydration: solid PTA is heated at 150–300 °C under vacuum for 1–2 h.3

Handling, Storage, and Precautions: use only in a well-ventilated area. Minimize dust generation and accumulation. Avoid heating above 400 °C due to decomposition and generation of toxic fumes. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, or clothing. Do not ingest or inhale. Keep container closed when not in use. Store refrigerated at 4 °C. If material is stored slightly above room temperature, it will dissolve in its own water of hydration. Hygroscopic, may contain a large amount of water of hydration (up to 48 moles of water per mole of phosphotungstic acid).

Precautions: toxic and irritant; inhalation, ingestion, or skin contact with material may cause severe injury or death. Effects of contact or inhalation may be delayed. Phosphotungstic acid is a strong oxidizing agent in aqueous solutions. Substance itself is noncombustible but may decompose upon heating above 400 °C to give toxic and/or irritating fumes.

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Molecular Weight:Not Available
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Molecular Weight:Not Available
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Compound Information
Molecular Weight:2880.05
Molecular Formula:H3O40PW12
InChIKey:IYDGMDWEHDFVQI-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound Information
Molecular Weight:116.2767
Molecular Formula:C6H16Si
InChIKey:AQRLNPVMDITEJU-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound Information
Molecular Weight:98.959
Molecular Formula:C2H4Cl2
InChIKey:WSLDOOZREJYCGB-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound Information
Molecular Weight:114.0233
Molecular Formula:C2HF3O2
InChIKey:DTQVDTLACAAQTR-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Molecular Weight:Not Available
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Molecular Weight:Not Available
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Molecular Weight:152.1904
Molecular Formula:C9H12O2
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Molecular Weight:296.531
Molecular Formula:C20H40O
InChIKey:AKEUKKJHKUBKMC-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Molecular Weight:430.7061
Molecular Formula:C29H50O2
InChIKey:AHYFKRZPNMNAJL-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Molecular Weight:116.1583
Molecular Formula:C6H12O2
InChIKey:DKPFZGUDAPQIHT-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Molecular Weight:60.052
Molecular Formula:C2H4O2
InChIKey:QTBSBXVTEAMEQO-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Molecular Weight:92.1384
Molecular Formula:C7H8
InChIKey:YXFVVABEGXRONW-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Molecular Weight:Not Available
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Molecular Weight:197.2325
Molecular Formula:C13H11NO
InChIKey:MAOBFOXLCJIFLV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Molecular Weight:130.1418
Molecular Formula:C6H10O3
InChIKey:XYIBRDXRRQCHLP-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Molecular Weight:291.3438
Molecular Formula:C19H17NO2
InChIKey:NKTJXKSVVDCPJP-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound Information
Molecular Weight:168.1467
Molecular Formula:C8H8O4
InChIKey:PKLPQOJFHFGVBS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound Information
Molecular Weight:88.1515
Molecular Formula:C4H12N2
InChIKey:OPCJOXGBLDJWRM-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Molecular Weight:Not Available
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Molecular Weight:46.0684
Molecular Formula:C2H6O
InChIKey:LFQSCWFLJHTTHZ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Molecular Weight:108.1411
Molecular Formula:C6H8N2
InChIKey:GEYOCULIXLDCMW-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Molecular Weight:Not Available
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Molecular Weight:390.3393
Molecular Formula:C16H22O11
InChIKey:Not Available
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Molecular Weight:Not Available
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Molecular Weight:152.1904
Molecular Formula:C9H12O2
InChIKey:YQHLDYVWEZKEOX-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound Information
Molecular Weight:94.1112
Molecular Formula:C6H6O
InChIKey:ISWSIDIOOBJBQZ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Molecular Weight:58.0791
Molecular Formula:C3H6O
InChIKey:CSCPPACGZOOCGX-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound Information
Molecular Weight:300.3475
Molecular Formula:C15H24O6
InChIKey:ILFYLFICPMIXSN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound Information
Molecular Weight:126.11
Molecular Formula:C6H6O3
InChIKey:Not Available
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Molecular Weight:148.1156
Molecular Formula:C8H4O3
InChIKey:LGRFSURHDFAFJT-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Molecular Weight:130.2279
Molecular Formula:C8H18O
InChIKey:KBPLFHHGFOOTCA-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound Information
Molecular Weight:390.5561
Molecular Formula:C24H38O4
InChIKey:MQIUGAXCHLFZKX-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Molecular Weight:144.2545
Molecular Formula:C9H20O
InChIKey:ZWRUINPWMLAQRD-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Molecular Weight:418.6093
Molecular Formula:C26H42O4
InChIKey:DROMNWUQASBTFM-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Molecular Weight:158.2811
Molecular Formula:C10H22O
InChIKey:MWKFXSUHUHTGQN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Molecular Weight:446.6624
Molecular Formula:C28H46O4
InChIKey:PGIBJVOPLXHHGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Molecular Weight:167.1189
Molecular Formula:C7H5NO4
InChIKey:WJJMNDUMQPNECX-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound Information
Molecular Weight:74.1216
Molecular Formula:C4H10O
InChIKey:LRHPLDYGYMQRHN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Molecular Weight:279.3315
Molecular Formula:C15H21NO4
InChIKey:SJGUKBIVRJZPJZ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound Information
Molecular Weight:118.1742
Molecular Formula:C6H14O2
InChIKey:IVDFJHOHABJVEH-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Molecular Weight:100.1589
Molecular Formula:C6H12O
InChIKey:PJGSXYOJTGTZAV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Molecular Weight:90.121
Molecular Formula:C4H10O2
InChIKey:WERYXYBDKMZEQL-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Molecular Weight:72.1057
Molecular Formula:C4H8O
InChIKey:WYURNTSHIVDZCO-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound Information
Molecular Weight:104.1476
Molecular Formula:C5H12O2
InChIKey:ALQSHHUCVQOPAS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Molecular Weight:86.1323
Molecular Formula:C5H10O
InChIKey:DHXVGJBLRPWPCS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Molecular Weight:158.1534
Molecular Formula:C10H6O2
InChIKey:FRASJONUBLZVQX-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound Information
Molecular Weight:82.1436
Molecular Formula:C6H10
InChIKey:SDJHPPZKZZWAKF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound Information
Molecular Weight:240.297
Molecular Formula:C16H16O2
InChIKey:YFXCHAUHDMOLPI-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound Information
Molecular Weight:104.1491
Molecular Formula:C8H8
InChIKey:PPBRXRYQALVLMV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound Information
Molecular Weight:30.026
Molecular Formula:CH2O
InChIKey:Not Available
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Molecular Weight:164.2011
Molecular Formula:C10H12O2
InChIKey:RCJRILMVFLGCJY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound Information
Molecular Weight:18.0153
Molecular Formula:H2O
InChIKey:XLYOFNOQVPJJNP-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound Information
Molecular Weight:113.1576
Molecular Formula:C6H11NO
InChIKey:VEZUQRBDRNJBJY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Molecular Weight:113.1576
Molecular Formula:C6H11NO
InChIKey:JBKVHLHDHHXQEQ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound Information
Molecular Weight:92.524
Molecular Formula:C3H5ClO
InChIKey:BRLQWZUYTZBJKN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound Information
Molecular Weight:73.0938
Molecular Formula:C3H7NO
InChIKey:ZMXDDKWLCZADIW-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound Information
Molecular Weight:56.1063
Molecular Formula:C4H8
InChIKey:VQTUBCCKSQIDNK-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Molecular Weight:32.0419
Molecular Formula:CH4O
InChIKey:OKKJLVBELUTLKV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Molecular Weight:88.1482
Molecular Formula:C5H12O
InChIKey:BZLVMXJERCGZMT-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Molecular Weight:Not Available
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Molecular Weight:89.1131
Molecular Formula:Not Available
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Molecular Weight:84.1595
Molecular Formula:C6H12
InChIKey:Not Available
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Molecular Weight:84.1595
Molecular Formula:C6H12
InChIKey:GDOPTJXRTPNYNR-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Molecular Weight:136.234
Molecular Formula:C10H16
InChIKey:GRWFGVWFFZKLTI-RKDXNWHRSA-N
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Molecular Weight:136.234
Molecular Formula:C10H16
InChIKey:CRPUJAZIXJMDBK-DTWKUNHWSA-N
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Molecular Weight:204.3511
Molecular Formula:C15H24
InChIKey:PDSNLYSELAIEBU-CZPDGURSSA-N
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Molecular Weight:204.3511
Molecular Formula:C15H24
InChIKey:CQUAYTJDLQBXCQ-NHYWBVRUSA-N
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Molecular Weight:Not Available
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Molecular Weight:Not Available
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Molecular Weight:110.1106
Molecular Formula:C6H6O2
InChIKey:YCIMNLLNPGFGHC-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Molecular Weight:166.217
Molecular Formula:C10H14O2
InChIKey:XESZUVZBAMCAEJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Molecular Weight:222.3233
Molecular Formula:C14H22O2
InChIKey:PJZLSMMERMMQBJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Molecular Weight:110.1106
Molecular Formula:C6H6O2
InChIKey:Not Available
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Molecular Weight:166.217
Molecular Formula:C10H14O2
InChIKey:YBKODUYVZRLSOK-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound Information
Molecular Weight:150.2176
Molecular Formula:C10H14O
InChIKey:QHPQWRBYOIRBIT-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Molecular Weight:150.2176
Molecular Formula:C10H14O
InChIKey:WJQOZHYUIDYNHM-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Molecular Weight:206.3239
Molecular Formula:C14H22O
InChIKey:ICKWICRCANNIBI-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Molecular Weight:Not Available
Molecular Formula:Not Available
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Molecular Weight:44.0526
Molecular Formula:C2H4O
InChIKey:IKHGUXGNUITLKF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound Information
Molecular Weight:132.1577
Molecular Formula:C6H12O3
InChIKey:SQYNKIJPMDEDEG-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Molecular Weight:58.0791
Molecular Formula:C3H6O
InChIKey:NBBJYMSMWIIQGU-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Molecular Weight:174.2374
Molecular Formula:C9H18O3
InChIKey:GYBGKXFOKOSPLS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Molecular Weight:Not Available
Molecular Formula:Not Available
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Molecular Weight:84.1595
Molecular Formula:C6H12
InChIKey:Not Available
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Molecular Weight:Not Available
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Molecular Weight:Not Available
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Molecular Weight:Not Available
Molecular Formula:Not Available
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Compound Information
Molecular Weight:167.1189
Molecular Formula:C7H5NO4
InChIKey:Not Available
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Molecular Weight:195.1721
Molecular Formula:C9H9NO4
InChIKey:PHWSCBWNPZDYRI-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound Information
Molecular Weight:138.2499
Molecular Formula:C10H18
InChIKey:FUDNBFMOXDUIIE-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound Information
Molecular Weight:156.2652
Molecular Formula:C10H20O
InChIKey:XSNQECSCDATQEL-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound Information
Molecular Weight:198.3019
Molecular Formula:C12H22O2
InChIKey:BEARMGATPGLSKG-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound Information
Molecular Weight:82.1436
Molecular Formula:C6H10
InChIKey:HGCIXCUEYOPUTN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound Information
Molecular Weight:146.1412
Molecular Formula:C6H10O4
InChIKey:WNLRTRBMVRJNCN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound Information
Molecular Weight:34.0147
Molecular Formula:H2O2
InChIKey:MHAJPDPJQMAIIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound Information
Molecular Weight:112.1696
Molecular Formula:C7H12O
InChIKey:LFSAPCRASZRSKS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound Information
Molecular Weight:144.1684
Molecular Formula:C7H12O3
InChIKey:Not Available
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Molecular Weight:98.143
Molecular Formula:C6H10O
InChIKey:Not Available
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Molecular Weight:Not Available
Molecular Formula:Not Available
InChIKey:Not Available
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Compound Information
Molecular Weight:2931.15
Molecular Formula:H12N3O40PW12
InChIKey:IJRANYBINFUJGF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound Information
Molecular Weight:136.191
Molecular Formula:C9H12O
InChIKey:QQOMQLYQAXGHSU-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound Information
Molecular Weight:150.1745
Molecular Formula:C9H10O2
InChIKey:QIXDHVDGPXBRRD-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound Information
Molecular Weight:142.1971
Molecular Formula:C11H10
InChIKey:QIMMUPPBPVKWKM-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound Information
Molecular Weight:172.18
Molecular Formula:C11H8O2
InChIKey:MJVAVZPDRWSRRC-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound Information
Molecular Weight:122.1644
Molecular Formula:C8H10O
InChIKey:Not Available
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Compound Information
Molecular Weight:240.297
Molecular Formula:C16H16O2
InChIKey:QDRFIDSUGRGGAY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound Information
Molecular Weight:140.2658
Molecular Formula:C10H20
InChIKey:AFFLGGQVNFXPEV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound Information
Molecular Weight:156.2652
Molecular Formula:C10H20O
InChIKey:ZAJNGDIORYACQU-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound Information
Molecular Weight:1134.9843
Molecular Formula:C42H70O35
InChIKey:WHGYBXFWUBPSRW-FOUAGVGXSA-N
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Compound Information
Molecular Weight:Not Available
Molecular Formula:Not Available
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Molecular Weight:Not Available
Molecular Formula:Not Available
InChIKey:Not Available
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Compound Information
Molecular Weight:224.51
Molecular Formula:C4H6O4Pd
InChIKey:YJVFFLUZDVXJQI-UHFFFAOYSA-L
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Compound Information
Molecular Weight:Not Available
Molecular Formula:Not Available
InChIKey:Not Available
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Compound Information
Molecular Weight:Not Available
Molecular Formula:Not Available
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Compound Information
Molecular Weight:Not Available
Molecular Formula:Not Available
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Compound Information
Molecular Weight:Not Available
Molecular Formula:Not Available
InChIKey:Not Available
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Compound Information
Molecular Weight:180.2451
Molecular Formula:C14H12
InChIKey:WPDAVTSOEQEGMS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound Information
Molecular Weight:178.2292
Molecular Formula:C14H10
InChIKey:MWPLVEDNUUSJAV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound Information
Molecular Weight:222.2787
Molecular Formula:C10H22O5
InChIKey:ZUHZGEOKBKGPSW-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound Information
Molecular Weight:173.007
Molecular Formula:C6H5BrO
InChIKey:GZFGOTFRPZRKDS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound Information
Molecular Weight:80.912
Molecular Formula:BrH
InChIKey:CPELXLSAUQHCOX-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound Information
Molecular Weight:44.0956
Molecular Formula:C3H8
InChIKey:ATUOYWHBWRKTHZ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound Information
Molecular Weight:60.095
Molecular Formula:C3H8O
InChIKey:KFZMGEQAYNKOFK-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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