Chapter 6. Specific Phobias

  1. Eric J.L. Griez2,
  2. Carlo Faravelli3,
  3. David Nutt4 and
  4. Joseph Zohar5
  1. H. Merckelbach and
  2. P. Muris

Published Online: 6 DEC 2001

DOI: 10.1002/0470846437.ch6

Anxiety Disorders: An Introduction to Clinical Management and Research

Anxiety Disorders: An Introduction to Clinical Management and Research

How to Cite

Merckelbach, H. and Muris, P. (2001) Specific Phobias, in Anxiety Disorders: An Introduction to Clinical Management and Research (eds E. J.L. Griez, C. Faravelli, D. Nutt and J. Zohar), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/0470846437.ch6

Editor Information

  1. 2

    Department of Psychiatry and Neuropsychology, University of Maastricht, The Netherlands

  2. 3

    Department of Neurology and Psychiatry, Florence University Medical School, Italy

  3. 4

    Psychopharmacology Unit, School of Medical Sciences, University of Bristol, UK

  4. 5

    Department of Psychiatry and Anxiety Clinic, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, University of Tel Aviv, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Israel

Author Information

  1. Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 6 DEC 2001
  2. Published Print: 29 MAY 2001

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780471978732

Online ISBN: 9780470846438

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Keywords:

  • anxiety disorders;
  • phobias;
  • DSM-IV;
  • fear;
  • cognitive bias;
  • comorbidity;
  • learning

Summary

Specific phobias are irrational and persistent fears of certain objects or animals. Over the past two decades, our understanding of the origins of specific phobias has steadily increased. It is now recognised that learning mechanisms and developmental processes play a crucial role in the aetiology of specific phobias. Furthermore, there are now strong indications that certain cognitive processes contribute to the maintenance of phobic symptoms.