Chapter 6. Neuropsychological Research in Psychiatry

  1. Juan José López-Ibor3,
  2. Wolfgang Gaebel4,
  3. Mario Maj5 and
  4. Norman Sartorius6
  1. Karen Ritchie1 and
  2. Marcus Richards2

Published Online: 30 APR 2002

DOI: 10.1002/0470846461.ch6

Psychiatry as a Neuroscience

Psychiatry as a Neuroscience

How to Cite

Ritchie, K. and Richards, M. (2002) Neuropsychological Research in Psychiatry, in Psychiatry as a Neuroscience (eds J. J. López-Ibor, W. Gaebel, M. Maj and N. Sartorius), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/0470846461.ch6

Editor Information

  1. 3

    Complutense University of Madrid, Spain

  2. 4

    University of Düsseldorf, Germany

  3. 5

    University of Naples, Italy

  4. 6

    University of Geneva, Switzerland

Author Information

  1. 1

    EPI 9930 INSERM, Bâtiment Recherche, CRLC Val d'Aurelle, Parc Euromedecine, 326 rue des Apothicaires, 34298 Montpellier Cedex 5, France

  2. 2

    MRC National Survey of Health and Development, University College Medical School, 1–19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, United Kingdom

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 30 APR 2002
  2. Published Print: 15 APR 2002

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780471496564

Online ISBN: 9780470846469

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Keywords:

  • assessment;
  • cognitive psychology;
  • neuroimaging;
  • developmental neuropsychiatric disorders;
  • depression;
  • schizophrenia;
  • obsessive-compulsive disorder;
  • neurodegenerative diseases of ageing;
  • traumatic stress disorder

Summary

Contemporary neuropsychological assessment is essentially a refinement of the neurological examination focusing on integrative central nervous system (CNS) functioning. It may be defined as the observation of an individual's behaviour in relation to a standardized stimulus which has been selected for its likelihood to provoke an abnormal response in the face of damage or dysfunction in specific neuroanatomical structures. Its theoretical basis derives from the quite separate academic traditions of cognitive psychology and behavioural neurology, their integration providing both a quantitative and qualitative approach to the understanding of the neuroanatomical substrates of cognition and to the detection of pathology.