Chapter 10. Psychiatric Diagnosis and Classification in Developing Countries

  1. Mario Maj3,
  2. Wolfgang Gaebel4,
  3. Juan José López-Ibor5 and
  4. Norman Sartorius6
  1. R. Srinivasa Murthy1 and
  2. Narendra N. Wig2

Published Online: 24 APR 2002

DOI: 10.1002/047084647X.ch10

Psychiatric Diagnosis and Classification

Psychiatric Diagnosis and Classification

How to Cite

Murthy, R. S. and Wig, N. N. (2002) Psychiatric Diagnosis and Classification in Developing Countries, in Psychiatric Diagnosis and Classification (eds M. Maj, W. Gaebel, J. J. López-Ibor and N. Sartorius), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/047084647X.ch10

Editor Information

  1. 3

    University of Naples, Italy

  2. 4

    University of Düsseldorf, Germany

  3. 5

    Complutense University of Madrid, Spain

  4. 6

    University of Geneva, Switzerland

Author Information

  1. 1

    National Institute of Mental Health, Department of Psychiatry and Neuroscience, Post Bag 2900, Bangalore 56002-9, India

  2. 2

    Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh 160012, India

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 24 APR 2002
  2. Published Print: 15 APR 2002

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780471496816

Online ISBN: 9780470846476



  • ayurveda;
  • islamic medicine;
  • chinese medicine;
  • India;
  • China;
  • Cuba;
  • Egypt;
  • ICD-10;
  • hysteria;
  • schizophrenia;
  • acute psychosis


Psychiatric diagnosis and classification is an important part of psychiatric practice. The experiences from developing countries have contributed to a better understanding of mental disorders. The observation of universal nature of mental disorders with national variations in presentation emphasises the need for national adaptation of international classification systems. The review presents research on psychiatric classification from countries of Asia, Africa and South America.

China, Cuba, India have systematically studied a wide variety of mental disorders as to their symptomatology, course and outcome. The need for reflecting the philosophical heritage of non-European countries is emphasised. Professionals from developing countries have the responsibility to generate systematic information about the presentation of mental disorders in their respective countries.