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14 Hydroinformatics and its Contributions to Hydrology: From Computation to Communication

Part 2. Hydroinformatics

  1. Michael B Abbott1,
  2. Arthur E Mynett2,
  3. J Philip O'Kane3

Published Online: 15 APR 2006

DOI: 10.1002/0470848944.hsa013

Encyclopedia of Hydrological Sciences

Encyclopedia of Hydrological Sciences

How to Cite

Abbott, M. B., Mynett, A. E. and O'Kane, J. P. 2006. Hydroinformatics and its Contributions to Hydrology: From Computation to Communication. Encyclopedia of Hydrological Sciences. 2:14.

Author Information

  1. 1

    Knowledge Engineering B.V. Belgium and UNESCO-IHE Delft, Delft, The Netherlands

  2. 2

    WL Delft Hydraulics & UNESCO-IHE and Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands

  3. 3

    Environment Institute, National University of Ireland, Cork, Ireland

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 APR 2006

Abstract

Hydroinformatics is concerned with the application of information and communication technologies for the planning, management, and conservation of the aquatic environment. With the rapidly increasing capabilities of computer-based systems, considerable advances were made during the past decade or more. Some historic developments are outlined in this article and the development of hydroinformatics as a sociotechnology is explained. The transition from computation to communication is illustrated by examples from present day flood simulation and flood early warning systems; emerging applications of data-mining and evolutionary computing are demonstrated for the fields of ecohydraulics and ecohydrology. The impact of hydroinformatics on the future role of hydrology in a multiuser environment is discussed. The contours of a next (fifth) generation software systems making use of agent-based communication over a network of computers and developers are outlined. The scope and content of all subsequent articles within this chapter are presented; these can be broadly grouped into areas of (i) physics-based numerical modeling; (ii) data-driven modeling and evolutionary computing; and (iii) design and decision support systems.

Keywords:

  • hydroinformatics;
  • computer-based modelling;
  • flood early warning systems;
  • data-mining;
  • evolutionary computing;
  • agent-based software development