14 Hydroinformatics and its Contributions to Hydrology: From Computation to Communication
Part 2. Hydroinformatics
Published Online: 15 APR 2006
Copyright © 2005 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
Encyclopedia of Hydrological Sciences
How to Cite
Abbott, M. B., Mynett, A. E. and O'Kane, J. P. 2006. Hydroinformatics and its Contributions to Hydrology: From Computation to Communication. Encyclopedia of Hydrological Sciences. 2:14.
- Published Online: 15 APR 2006
Hydroinformatics is concerned with the application of information and communication technologies for the planning, management, and conservation of the aquatic environment. With the rapidly increasing capabilities of computer-based systems, considerable advances were made during the past decade or more. Some historic developments are outlined in this article and the development of hydroinformatics as a sociotechnology is explained. The transition from computation to communication is illustrated by examples from present day flood simulation and flood early warning systems; emerging applications of data-mining and evolutionary computing are demonstrated for the fields of ecohydraulics and ecohydrology. The impact of hydroinformatics on the future role of hydrology in a multiuser environment is discussed. The contours of a next (fifth) generation software systems making use of agent-based communication over a network of computers and developers are outlined. The scope and content of all subsequent articles within this chapter are presented; these can be broadly grouped into areas of (i) physics-based numerical modeling; (ii) data-driven modeling and evolutionary computing; and (iii) design and decision support systems.
- computer-based modelling;
- flood early warning systems;
- evolutionary computing;
- agent-based software development