Standard Article

40 Evaporation Measurement

Part 4. Hydrometeorology

  1. Anne Verhoef1,
  2. Claire L Campbell2

Published Online: 15 APR 2006

DOI: 10.1002/0470848944.hsa043

Encyclopedia of Hydrological Sciences

Encyclopedia of Hydrological Sciences

How to Cite

Verhoef, A. and Campbell, C. L. 2006. Evaporation Measurement. Encyclopedia of Hydrological Sciences. 4:40.

Author Information

  1. 1

    The University of Reading, Department of Soil Science, Reading, UK

  2. 2

    Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Edinburgh, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 APR 2006


This chapter summarises the practical methods available to estimate evaporation, E. It describes the background of methods based on soil physical, micrometeorological and plant physiological concepts. The most appropriate method will mainly depend on required spatial and temporal scales of E, accuracy needed, and the available resources (financial and manpower). These issues are taken into account during the discussion.


  • evaporation;
  • transpiration;
  • lysimetry;
  • Eddy Covariance;
  • Bowen ratio;
  • scintillometry;
  • Variance method