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63 Estimation of Precipitation Using Ground-Based, Active Microwave Sensors

Part 5. Remote Sensing

  1. Matthias Steiner

Published Online: 15 APR 2006

DOI: 10.1002/0470848944.hsa051

Encyclopedia of Hydrological Sciences

Encyclopedia of Hydrological Sciences

How to Cite

Steiner, M. 2006. Estimation of Precipitation Using Ground-Based, Active Microwave Sensors. Encyclopedia of Hydrological Sciences. 5:63.

Author Information

  1. Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, US

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 APR 2006


Ground-based radar measurements have provided a wealth of information about precipitation systems, how they evolve and organize themselves. Advances in Doppler and polarimetric radar technology, in particular, have yielded unprecedented insight into the dynamics and microphysics of precipitation formation. This paper summarizes the basic components and principals of radar measurements, and discusses how radar can be used to identify different types of precipitation particles as well as recognize nonmeteorological radar echoes, and obtain quantitative precipitation estimates.


  • radar;
  • Doppler;
  • polarization;
  • storm structure;
  • wind analysis;
  • precipitation measurement