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48 Ground-Based and Airborne Lidar

Part 5. Remote Sensing

  1. R Michael Hardesty,
  2. Lisa S Darby

Published Online: 15 APR 2006

DOI: 10.1002/0470848944.hsa052

Encyclopedia of Hydrological Sciences

Encyclopedia of Hydrological Sciences

How to Cite

Hardesty, R. M. and Darby, L. S. 2006. Ground-Based and Airborne Lidar. Encyclopedia of Hydrological Sciences. 5:48.

Author Information

  1. NOAA Environmental Technology Laboratory, Boulder, CO, US

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 APR 2006


Lidar remote sensing techniques can be applied to measure a wide variety of atmospheric parameters important in the hydrological sciences, including aerosol distribution, cloud properties, ozone and water vapor concentration, and wind fields. Lidar measurements make use of scattering and extinction of laser radiation in the atmosphere. Instruments are deployed on surface and aircraft platforms to investigate phenomena such as moisture spatial distribution and temporal evolution, ozone sources and transport, boundary-layer height, aerosol distribution, cloud microphysics, and wind structure. New satellite-based instruments enable lidar techniques to be applied on a global scale.


  • lidar;
  • laser;
  • remote sensing;
  • ozone concentration;
  • water vapor concentration;
  • aerosol structure;
  • wind structure;
  • differential absorption lidar;
  • Doppler;
  • backscatter