132 Rainfall-Runoff Modeling for Assessing Impacts of Climate and Land Use Change
Part 11. Rainfall-Runoff Modeling
Published Online: 15 APR 2006
Copyright © 2005 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
Encyclopedia of Hydrological Sciences
How to Cite
Bronstert, A. 2006. Rainfall-Runoff Modeling for Assessing Impacts of Climate and Land Use Change. Encyclopedia of Hydrological Sciences. 11:132.
- Published Online: 15 APR 2006
Rainfall-runoff models are frequently used as a tool to assess the impacts of climate and land-use changes on the hydrological cycle. This requires that the applied rainfall-runoff model is able to represent the dynamics of the hydrological cycle of the catchment under study, in particular, if land-use change is of concern, that is, the effects of land-use or land-cover change on the runoff generating processes. This may be accomplished by applying either a process-based model or a conceptual model if the latter's parameters can be regionalized with respect to land-use change. Furthermore, the chosen model must be able to “represent” the influence of different climatic/ meteorological boundary conditions. This implies, of course, that we know the main dynamics of the catchment under consideration.
- rainfall-runoff model;
- process-oriented model;
- conceptual model;
- climate change;
- land-use change;
- impact assessment;