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132 Rainfall-Runoff Modeling for Assessing Impacts of Climate and Land Use Change

Part 11. Rainfall-Runoff Modeling

  1. Axel Bronstert

Published Online: 15 APR 2006

DOI: 10.1002/0470848944.hsa139

Encyclopedia of Hydrological Sciences

Encyclopedia of Hydrological Sciences

How to Cite

Bronstert, A. 2006. Rainfall-Runoff Modeling for Assessing Impacts of Climate and Land Use Change. Encyclopedia of Hydrological Sciences. 11:132.

Author Information

  1. University of Potsdam, Institute for Geoecology, Potsdam, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 APR 2006

Abstract

Rainfall-runoff models are frequently used as a tool to assess the impacts of climate and land-use changes on the hydrological cycle. This requires that the applied rainfall-runoff model is able to represent the dynamics of the hydrological cycle of the catchment under study, in particular, if land-use change is of concern, that is, the effects of land-use or land-cover change on the runoff generating processes. This may be accomplished by applying either a process-based model or a conceptual model if the latter's parameters can be regionalized with respect to land-use change. Furthermore, the chosen model must be able to “represent” the influence of different climatic/ meteorological boundary conditions. This implies, of course, that we know the main dynamics of the catchment under consideration.

Keywords:

  • rainfall-runoff model;
  • process-oriented model;
  • conceptual model;
  • climate change;
  • land-use change;
  • impact assessment;
  • floods