Standard Article

148 Aquifer Characterization by Geophysical Methods

Part 13. Groundwater

  1. Harry Vereecken,
  2. Andreas Kemna,
  3. Hans-Martin Münch,
  4. Axel Tillmann,
  5. Arre Verweerd

Published Online: 15 APR 2006

DOI: 10.1002/0470848944.hsa154b

Encyclopedia of Hydrological Sciences

Encyclopedia of Hydrological Sciences

How to Cite

Vereecken, H., Kemna, A., Münch, H.-M., Tillmann, A. and Verweerd, A. 2006. Aquifer Characterization by Geophysical Methods. Encyclopedia of Hydrological Sciences. 13:148.

Author Information

  1. Agrosphere Institute (ICG-IV), Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, Jülich, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 APR 2006


Geophysical methods are increasingly being used to characterize the subsurface. They offer the potential to derive basic characteristics, state variables, and properties of geological formations. In this article, we focus on the application of geophysical methods to derive properties and state variables of aquifer systems. Special attention is given to the assessment of hydraulic conductivity, porosity, and water saturation. Three different groups of methods (seismics, electrical techniques, and electromagnetics) and their combined use are discussed. For each method, relationships between geophysical and hydrogeological quantities are outlined and applications are presented. A separate section is devoted to the development and application of combined approaches in hydrogeophysics.


  • groundwater;
  • aquifer characterization;
  • geophysical methods;
  • hydraulic properties;
  • transport properties