148 Aquifer Characterization by Geophysical Methods
Part 13. Groundwater
Published Online: 15 APR 2006
Copyright © 2005 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
Encyclopedia of Hydrological Sciences
How to Cite
Vereecken, H., Kemna, A., Münch, H.-M., Tillmann, A. and Verweerd, A. 2006. Aquifer Characterization by Geophysical Methods. Encyclopedia of Hydrological Sciences. 13:148.
- Published Online: 15 APR 2006
Geophysical methods are increasingly being used to characterize the subsurface. They offer the potential to derive basic characteristics, state variables, and properties of geological formations. In this article, we focus on the application of geophysical methods to derive properties and state variables of aquifer systems. Special attention is given to the assessment of hydraulic conductivity, porosity, and water saturation. Three different groups of methods (seismics, electrical techniques, and electromagnetics) and their combined use are discussed. For each method, relationships between geophysical and hydrogeological quantities are outlined and applications are presented. A separate section is devoted to the development and application of combined approaches in hydrogeophysics.
- aquifer characterization;
- geophysical methods;
- hydraulic properties;
- transport properties