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177 The Role of Large-Scale Field Experiments in Water and Energy Balance Studies

Part 15. Global Hydrology

  1. W James Shuttleworth1,
  2. John HC Gash2

Published Online: 15 APR 2006

DOI: 10.1002/0470848944.hsa183

Encyclopedia of Hydrological Sciences

Encyclopedia of Hydrological Sciences

How to Cite

Shuttleworth, W. J. and Gash, J. H. 2006. The Role of Large-Scale Field Experiments in Water and Energy Balance Studies. Encyclopedia of Hydrological Sciences. 15:177.

Author Information

  1. 1

    University of Arizona, Department of Hydrology and Water Resources, Tucson, AZ, US

  2. 2

    Centre for Ecology & Hydrology, Wallingford, Oxfordshire, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 APR 2006
Table 1. List of Most of the Major International Large-Scale Field Experiments over the Period 1984 to 2004
Hydrological and Atmospheric Pilot Experiment – Modelization du Bilan Hydrique (HAPEX-MOBILHY)Southern France1985–1987André et al. 1989
First ISLSCP Field Experiment (FIFE)Central Kansas, USA1987–1989Sellers and Hall 1992, Hall and Sellers 1995
Regio-Klima-Projekt (REKLIP)Middle and southern upper Rhine Valley1989Parlow 1996
Anglo-Brazilian Climate Observation Study (ABRACOS)Manaus, Ji-Paraná and Marabá, Brazil1990–1995Gash and Nobre 1997
Hydrological and Atmospheric Pilot Experiment in the Sahel (HAPEX-Sahel)Western Niger1991–1993Goutorbe et al. ((1994))
European International Project on Climatic and Hydrological Interactions between Vegetation, Atmosphere, and Land Surface (ECHIVAL) Field Experiment in Desertification Threatened Areas (EFEDA)South-eastern Spain1991–1995Bolle et al. 1993
Hei Ho River Basin Field Experiment (HEIFE)Gansu Province, China1992–1993Wang et al. 1993
Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Southern Great Plains SiteKansas and Oklahoma, USA1992
Boreal Ecosystem-Atmosphere Study (BOREAS)Central Canada1993–1996Sellers et al. ((1995)), Hall 1999.
Mackenzie GEWEX Study (MAGS)Mackenzie River basin, Canada1994Stewart et al. 1998
Observation at Several Interacting Scales (OASIS)Murray-Darling basin, Australia1994–1995
Northern Hemisphere Climate Processes Land Surface Experiment (NOPEX)Central Sweden1994–1996Halldin et al. 1999
Baltic Sea Experiment (BALTEX)Baltic Sea basin1994–2001Raschke et al. 1998
Monitoring the Usable Soil Reservoir Experimentally (MUREX)South-western France1995–1997Calvet et al. ((1999))
GEWEX Continental-scale International Project (GCIP)Mississippi River basin, USA1995–2000Coughlan and Avissar 1996, Lawford 1999
GEWEX Asian Monsoon Experiment (GAME)Siberia, Tibet, Thailand, Huaihe River basin, China1996Yasunari 1993
Large-Scale Biosphere-Atmosphere Experiment in Amazonia (LBA)Amazon region of South America1996LBA Science Planning Group (1996)
Inner Mongolia Grassland Atmosphere-Surface Study (IMGRASS)Xilinhot, Inner Mongolia1997–2000
Southern Great Plains (SGP)Oklahoma and Kansas, USA1997, 1999, 2001
Semiarid Land-Surface-Atmosphere Program (SALSA)Upper San Pedro River basin, Mexico, and USA1997–1998Goodrich et al. ((2000))
Couplage de l'Atmosphère Tropicale et du Cycle Hydrologique (CATCH)Niger, Benin2000
GEWEX Americas Prediction Project (GAPP)USA2000–2005
Coordinated Enhanced Observing Period (CEOP)Worldwide2001–2004