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177 The Role of Large-Scale Field Experiments in Water and Energy Balance Studies

Part 15. Global Hydrology

  1. W James Shuttleworth1,
  2. John HC Gash2

Published Online: 15 APR 2006

DOI: 10.1002/0470848944.hsa183

Encyclopedia of Hydrological Sciences

Encyclopedia of Hydrological Sciences

How to Cite

Shuttleworth, W. J. and Gash, J. H. 2006. The Role of Large-Scale Field Experiments in Water and Energy Balance Studies. Encyclopedia of Hydrological Sciences. 15:177.

Author Information

  1. 1

    University of Arizona, Department of Hydrology and Water Resources, Tucson, AZ, US

  2. 2

    Centre for Ecology & Hydrology, Wallingford, Oxfordshire, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 APR 2006
Table 1. List of Most of the Major International Large-Scale Field Experiments over the Period 1984 to 2004
NameLocationPeriodReferences
Hydrological and Atmospheric Pilot Experiment – Modelization du Bilan Hydrique (HAPEX-MOBILHY)Southern France1985–1987André et al. 1989
First ISLSCP Field Experiment (FIFE)Central Kansas, USA1987–1989Sellers and Hall 1992, Hall and Sellers 1995
Regio-Klima-Projekt (REKLIP)Middle and southern upper Rhine Valley1989Parlow 1996
Anglo-Brazilian Climate Observation Study (ABRACOS)Manaus, Ji-Paraná and Marabá, Brazil1990–1995Gash and Nobre 1997
Hydrological and Atmospheric Pilot Experiment in the Sahel (HAPEX-Sahel)Western Niger1991–1993Goutorbe et al. ((1994))
European International Project on Climatic and Hydrological Interactions between Vegetation, Atmosphere, and Land Surface (ECHIVAL) Field Experiment in Desertification Threatened Areas (EFEDA)South-eastern Spain1991–1995Bolle et al. 1993
Hei Ho River Basin Field Experiment (HEIFE)Gansu Province, China1992–1993Wang et al. 1993
Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Southern Great Plains SiteKansas and Oklahoma, USA1992http://www.arm.gov/docs/sites/sgp/sgp.html
Boreal Ecosystem-Atmosphere Study (BOREAS)Central Canada1993–1996Sellers et al. ((1995)), Hall 1999.
Mackenzie GEWEX Study (MAGS)Mackenzie River basin, Canada1994Stewart et al. 1998
Observation at Several Interacting Scales (OASIS)Murray-Darling basin, Australia1994–1995http://www.clw.csiro.au/research/waterway/interactions/oasis
Northern Hemisphere Climate Processes Land Surface Experiment (NOPEX)Central Sweden1994–1996Halldin et al. 1999
Baltic Sea Experiment (BALTEX)Baltic Sea basin1994–2001Raschke et al. 1998
Monitoring the Usable Soil Reservoir Experimentally (MUREX)South-western France1995–1997Calvet et al. ((1999))
GEWEX Continental-scale International Project (GCIP)Mississippi River basin, USA1995–2000Coughlan and Avissar 1996, Lawford 1999
GEWEX Asian Monsoon Experiment (GAME)Siberia, Tibet, Thailand, Huaihe River basin, China1996Yasunari 1993
Large-Scale Biosphere-Atmosphere Experiment in Amazonia (LBA)Amazon region of South America1996LBA Science Planning Group (1996)
Inner Mongolia Grassland Atmosphere-Surface Study (IMGRASS)Xilinhot, Inner Mongolia1997–2000http://www.iap.ac.cn/english/iap/Divisions/LAGEO.htm
Southern Great Plains (SGP)Oklahoma and Kansas, USA1997, 1999, 2001http://hydrolab.arsusda.gov/sgp97/ http://daac.gsfc.nasa.gov/CAMPAIGN_DOCS/SGP99/
Semiarid Land-Surface-Atmosphere Program (SALSA)Upper San Pedro River basin, Mexico, and USA1997–1998Goodrich et al. ((2000))
Couplage de l'Atmosphère Tropicale et du Cycle Hydrologique (CATCH)Niger, Benin2000http://www.lthe.hmg.inpg.fr/catch/
GEWEX Americas Prediction Project (GAPP)USA2000–2005http://www.ogp.noaa.gov/mpe/gapp/gapp/index.htm
Coordinated Enhanced Observing Period (CEOP)Worldwide2001–2004http://www.ceop.net/