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186 Water and Forests

Part 16. Land Use and Water Management

  1. Graham Jewitt

Published Online: 15 APR 2006

DOI: 10.1002/0470848944.hsa193

Encyclopedia of Hydrological Sciences

Encyclopedia of Hydrological Sciences

How to Cite

Jewitt, G. 2006. Water and Forests. Encyclopedia of Hydrological Sciences. 16:186.

Author Information

  1. University of KwaZulu-Natal, School of Bioresources Engineering and Environmental Hydrology, Pietermaritzburg, South Africa

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 APR 2006


Years of research in various parts of the world has highlighted the interaction between forests and water. Forests impact on the hydrological cycle affecting processes such as interception, transpiration, infiltration, groundwater recharge, and runoff. These inevitably manifest themselves as impacts on the water resource, both positive and negative. In this article, the role of forests in the hydrological cycle is described, and the potential impacts for water resources are considered.


  • afforestation;
  • deforestation;
  • forest hydrology;
  • water resources