Standard Article

194 Inter-Institutional Links in Land and Water Management

Part 16. Land Use and Water Management

  1. Jaime M Amezaga

Published Online: 15 APR 2006

DOI: 10.1002/0470848944.hsa203

Encyclopedia of Hydrological Sciences

Encyclopedia of Hydrological Sciences

How to Cite

Amezaga, J. M. 2006. Inter-Institutional Links in Land and Water Management. Encyclopedia of Hydrological Sciences. 16:194.

Author Information

  1. University of Newcastle, Centre for Land Use and Water Resources Research, Institute for Research on the Environment and Sustainability, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 APR 2006


This article reviews the institutional aspects of Integrated Land and Water Resources Management. It explores the definition of what constitutes an institution in the land and water sector and presents several approaches to institutional analysis applicable in this context. It examines land and water interinstitutional linkages at several levels: international, national, river basin, and upstream/downstream. For each of these levels, theoretical approaches and examples are discussed. While institutional constraints such as cross-sectoral coordination and the conflict between different land-based administrative structures are still common, there are an increasing number of instruments applicable to this problem at all levels. Ensuring basic human needs and rights associated with water and land and establishing institutional systems to benefit disadvantaged people and improve livelihoods remain the greatest challenges to integrated management.


  • integrated land and water resources management;
  • institutions;
  • institutional linkages;
  • cross-sectoral coordination;
  • river-basin management;
  • upstream-downstream linkages