199 Role and Importance of Paleohydrology in the Study of Climate Change and Variability
Part 17. Climate Change
Published Online: 15 APR 2006
Copyright © 2005 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
Encyclopedia of Hydrological Sciences
How to Cite
Ekwurzel, B. 2006. Role and Importance of Paleohydrology in the Study of Climate Change and Variability. Encyclopedia of Hydrological Sciences. 17:199.
- Published Online: 15 APR 2006
Paleohydrology has advanced our understanding of climate by uncovering the variability of the prehistoric water cycle. Various proxy records provide insight into aspects of the hydrologic cycle that occurred before the instrumental record and allow for paleoclimate reconstructions locally or over large regions. For example, geomorphologic methods can quantify megafloods; coral or sediment core methods create paleodischarge records; rodent middens archive changes in precipitation volume and temperature; closed-basin lake level fluctuations offer quantitative evidence of changes in water balance, and tree-rings provide a high-resolution archive of precipitation or drought. This article reviews representative examples from the field of paleohydrology and demonstrates the role each has played in enhancing our understanding of climate variability.
- climate variability;
- glacial cycles