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Consolidation of Soils

Part 13. Groundwater

  1. Arnold Verruijt

Published Online: 13 JUN 2008

DOI: 10.1002/0470848944.hsa303

Encyclopedia of Hydrological Sciences

Encyclopedia of Hydrological Sciences

How to Cite

Verruijt, A. 2008. Consolidation of Soils. Encyclopedia of Hydrological Sciences. 13.

Author Information

  1. University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 13 JUN 2008


The theory of consolidation is of major interest in the analysis of deformations of porous media, in soil and rock mechanics, in nonsteady groundwater movement, and in the subsidence due to groundwater recovery and due to the depletion of reservoirs of gas or oil. In this article, the basic theory of consolidation is presented, and the theory is illustrated by some examples. The examples are taken from the fields of elementary soil mechanics, nonsteady groundwater flow and the production of gas from a deep reservoir. The examples chosen all admit a relatively simple analytical solution, using integral transformation methods.


  • consolidation;
  • effective stress;
  • subsidence;
  • undrained deformations