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Cadmium: Inorganic & Coordination Chemistry

  1. Marco Borsari

Published Online: 15 MAR 2006

DOI: 10.1002/0470862106.ia030

Encyclopedia of Inorganic Chemistry

Encyclopedia of Inorganic Chemistry

How to Cite

Borsari, M. 2006. Cadmium: Inorganic & Coordination Chemistry. Encyclopedia of Inorganic Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. University of Modena, Modena, Italy

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 MAR 2006

Abstract

This article provides an overview on the chemistry of cadmium. Cadmium is a naturally occurring metal elements, being the 67th most abundant element in the earth's crust, and it is found in several minerals. Occurrence, production and applications have been surveyed, also in the light of toxicological and environmental risks joined to uses of cadmium. The usual oxidation state of cadmium is 2+ and its chemistry closely resembles that of zinc. The versatile coordination ability allows a wide variety of structure. Therefore, emphasis is placed on stereochemical aspects of cadmium chemistry, in particular on 1D, 2D, and 3D architectures resulting from assembly of Cd2+–ligand(s) units. The main compounds and complexes, ordered by metal oxidation state and ligand donor atom, have been examined in their properties and structural aspects, both in solution and in solid state.

Keywords:

  • cadmium;
  • coordination chemistry;
  • metals;
  • batteries;
  • pigments;
  • stabilizers;
  • alloys;
  • semiconductors;
  • toxicology;
  • metallothioneins;
  • NMR spectroscopy;
  • stereochemistry;
  • intermetallic compounds;
  • cadmium glasses;
  • host-guest complex;
  • polynuclear complexes;
  • cryptands;
  • chelate ligands;
  • clathrates