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Nitrides: Transition Metal Solid-State Chemistry

  1. Walter Lengauer,
  2. Alexander Eder

Published Online: 15 MAR 2006

DOI: 10.1002/0470862106.ia156

Encyclopedia of Inorganic Chemistry

Encyclopedia of Inorganic Chemistry

How to Cite

Lengauer, W. and Eder, A. 2006. Nitrides: Transition Metal Solid-State Chemistry . Encyclopedia of Inorganic Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. Vienna University of Technology, Vienna, Austria

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 MAR 2006

Abstract

Basic properties and properties interesting for applications of transition metal nitrides are presented in this article. Starting from crystal chemistry, bonding, and preparation, the article also briefly discusses analytical chemistry of chemical and physical nitrogen analysis and standardization as well as thermodynamics. Updated portions of phase diagrams of group 4–6 transition metals with nitrogen are presented. A substantial part is devoted to the solid-state properties because they make nitrides interesting for application. The presentation of these properties includes hardness, thermal expansion, nitrogen diffusivity, thermal properties, electrical conductivities, superconductivities, and elastic properties. Several of these properties are given as a function of temperature and composition. The topic is closely connected to article (see Carbides: Transition Metal Solid-state Chemistry).

Keywords:

  • transition metal nitrides;
  • preparation;
  • analysis;
  • thermodynamics;
  • solid-state properties;
  • phase diagrams, use