Standard Article

Photochemistry of Transition Metal Complexes

  1. Tom Bitterwolf

Published Online: 15 MAR 2006

DOI: 10.1002/0470862106.ia189

Encyclopedia of Inorganic Chemistry

Encyclopedia of Inorganic Chemistry

How to Cite

Bitterwolf, T. 2006. Photochemistry of Transition Metal Complexes . Encyclopedia of Inorganic Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. University of Idaho, Moscow, ID, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 MAR 2006

Abstract

Photochemistry has evolved into a powerful tool for the highly selective generation of reactive intermediates in inorganic and organometallic chemistry. This review examines the state of the art in the examination of mechanisms of photochemical reactions utilizing techniques such as frozen matrices and fast time-resolved methods. The application of photochemistry to the preparation of dihydrogen, alkane, and noble gas intermediates is reviewed along with the significance of these intermediates in the understanding of the mechanism of oxidative addition processes. Experiment and theory of charge transfer phenomena are extensively discussed along with the application of these processes to semiconductor and biochemical studies. Applications of photocrystallography to the examination of linkage isomers and very short-lived excited state species are reviewed. Finally, a number of examples of the application of photochemical reactions, such as the photolysis of Fisher carbene species to generate ketenelike intermediates, to synthesis are discussed. The literature is reviewed to the end of 2003.

Keywords:

  • organometallic photochemistry;
  • inorganic photochemistry;
  • metal to ligand charge transfer;
  • metal–metal bond homolysis;
  • radical reactions;
  • bond heterolysis;
  • linkage isomerism;
  • photochemical ligand loss;
  • dihydrogen complexes;
  • agostic interactions;
  • alkane complexes;
  • noble gas complexes;
  • photochemical cycloaddition;
  • metal-mediated cycloaddition;
  • photochemical Pauson–Khand reaction;
  • photochemical catalysis initiation;
  • C[BOND]H activation;
  • C[BOND]H oxidative addition;
  • cyclometallation;
  • Si[BOND]H activation;
  • Si[BOND]H oxidative addition;
  • photochemical intermediates;
  • matrix-isolation photochemistry;
  • inert gas matrices;
  • liquid inert gas solvent for photochemistry;
  • supercritical gas photochemistry;
  • time-resolved spectroscopy;
  • picosecond spectroscopy;
  • dft modeling of excited states;
  • electrospray photochemistry;
  • charge transfer DNA applications;
  • DNA electron transport;
  • protein charge transport;
  • charge transfer to semiconductors;
  • gas-phase photochemistry;
  • Fisher carbene photochemistry;
  • photochemical synthetic applications;
  • femtosecond photochemistry;
  • metal carbonyl photochemistry;
  • metal nitrosyl photochemistry;
  • metal diimine photochemistry;
  • diimine charge transfer photochemistry;
  • photoacoustic calorimetry;
  • photochemical flow reactor;
  • photochemical borylation;
  • photochemical carbonylation;
  • photochemistry of bimetallic compounds;
  • photocrystallography;
  • photopharmaceutical applications;
  • Roussin's salts;
  • Roussin's esters