Standard Article


  1. Colby E. Stanton,
  2. SonBinh T. Nguyen,
  3. Janet M. Kesselman,
  4. Paul E. Laibinis,
  5. Nathan S. Lewis

Published Online: 15 MAR 2006

DOI: 10.1002/0470862106.ia217

Encyclopedia of Inorganic Chemistry

Encyclopedia of Inorganic Chemistry

How to Cite

Stanton, C. E., Nguyen, S. T., Kesselman, J. M., Laibinis, P. E. and Lewis, N. S. 2006. Semiconductors. Encyclopedia of Inorganic Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 MAR 2006


The structural, electronic, optical, and electrical properties of semiconductors are treated within a common framework. The bonding in the lattice determines the band structure of the solid, which is used to describe the chemical, optical, and electrical properties of the semiconductor. These concepts enable this process to be understood from a qualitative, chemically based viewpoint.


  • semiconductors;
  • band structure;
  • electrons;
  • holes;
  • mobility;
  • solids