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Thallium: Inorganic Chemistry

  1. Imre Tóth,
  2. Béla Győri

Published Online: 15 MAR 2006

DOI: 10.1002/0470862106.ia241

Encyclopedia of Inorganic Chemistry

Encyclopedia of Inorganic Chemistry

How to Cite

Tóth, I. and Győri, B. 2006. Thallium: Inorganic Chemistry. Encyclopedia of Inorganic Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. University of Debrecen, Debrecen, Hungary

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 MAR 2006

Abstract

Classical knowledge of thallium inorganic chemistry is summarized in the article. The introduction consists of the history, occurrence and distribution, production, and use of this trace element. The properties of thallium(I) and thallium(III) are discussed by the short description of the most important inorganic compounds: hydrides, halides and pseudohalides, oxides, hydroxides, ternary, and more complex oxides, chalcogenides, salts with oxoanions, complexes with multidentate organic ligands, metal–metal bonded Tl-complexes. The toxicity and the analytical methods are also shortly discussed.

Keywords:

  • thallium;
  • trace elements;
  • two-electron redox reaction;
  • electron transfer;
  • metal–metal bond;
  • complexes with multidentate ligands;
  • cyano complexes;
  • NMR;
  • superconductivity;
  • metal toxicity