Standard Article

Tin: Inorganic Chemistry

  1. James L. Wardell

Published Online: 15 MAR 2006

DOI: 10.1002/0470862106.ia244

Encyclopedia of Inorganic Chemistry

Encyclopedia of Inorganic Chemistry

How to Cite

Wardell, J. L. 2006. Tin: Inorganic Chemistry. Encyclopedia of Inorganic Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 MAR 2006


The alloying of copper with tin to produce bronze led to the formation of tools and weapons in what was later called the ‘Bronze Age’ from ≈2600–1500 BC. Since that time tin, in both the +2 and +4 oxidation states has figured prominently in inorganic compounds. This article will provide a summary of the types of inorganic compounds that tin forms, their spectroscopic characterization, and industrial uses.


  • alloy;
  • mineral;
  • divalent;
  • cluster