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Biomedical Applications of Magnetic Nanoparticles

  1. Nand Kishore Prasad1,
  2. Dhirendra Bahadur2,
  3. Sébastien Vasseur3,
  4. Etienne Duguet3

Published Online: 15 MAR 2009

DOI: 10.1002/0470862106.ia350

Encyclopedia of Inorganic Chemistry

Encyclopedia of Inorganic Chemistry

How to Cite

Prasad, N. K., Bahadur, D., Vasseur, S. and Duguet, E. 2009. Biomedical Applications of Magnetic Nanoparticles. Encyclopedia of Inorganic Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. 1

    IT-BHU, Varanasi, India

  2. 2

    IIT Bombay, Mumbai, India

  3. 3

    Université de Bordeaux, Bordeaux, France

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 MAR 2009

Abstract

Magnetism, which is an intrinsic property of every atom, has a profound influence on living organisms. Magnetism of nanoparticles plays a strong role in certain specific applications of health care. More particularly, several magnetic inorganic oxides, such as iron oxides, which are biocompatible, have been extensively used for several medical applications in their nanometric form. These applications/perspectives include magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast enhancement, hyperthermia treatment of cancer, targeted drug delivery, and biological entity separation or identification. This article examines these applications through an understanding of the problems involved and the current and future possibilities for resolving them.

Keywords:

  • biofunctionalization;
  • biomedical applications;
  • drug delivery;
  • hyperthermia;
  • magnetic fluids;
  • magnetic nanoparticles;
  • magnetic resonance imaging;
  • magnetorelaxometry;
  • magnetic targeted carrier;
  • synthesis