Biomineralization: Self-Assembly Processes
Published Online: 15 MAR 2009
Copyright © 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
Encyclopedia of Inorganic Chemistry
How to Cite
Yu, S.-H. and Chen, S. 2009. Biomineralization: Self-Assembly Processes. Encyclopedia of Inorganic Chemistry. .
- Published Online: 15 MAR 2009
This article focuses on biomineralization processing involving nanoparticle self-assembly. Biomineralization is a process of depositing inorganic or inorganic–organic hybrid materials as complex shapes or as hierarchical structures on various size scales having unique properties. Emerging nonclassical crystallization methods of self-assembly are summarized, including oriented attachment, mesocrystal growth from amorphous precursors, and polymer particle assembly from polymer-induced liquid precursors. Recent progress in understanding biomineralization in nature and biomimetic mineralization via nanoparticle self-assembly directed by organic molecules is summarized. Crystallization in organisms commonly involves biopolymer-induced nucleation and growth, self-assembly of nanobuilding blocks, and organization of amorphous precursors. A better understanding of biomineralization in organisms and self-assembly process, in general, will lead to the rational design and synthesis of functional materials having well-defined hierarchical structures, controlled length scales, and desired properties under environment-friendly conditions.
- calcium carbonate;
- hierarchical structure;
- oriented attachment;