Inorganic Nanomaterials Synthesis Using Liquid Crystals
Published Online: 15 MAR 2009
Copyright © 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
Encyclopedia of Inorganic Chemistry
How to Cite
Boissière, C., Grosso, D. and Prouzet, E. 2009. Inorganic Nanomaterials Synthesis Using Liquid Crystals. Encyclopedia of Inorganic Chemistry. .
- Published Online: 15 MAR 2009
Soft matter offers a unique property that combines high order with specific geometry and high dynamics that allows this geometry to adapt easily to rapid changes in physicochemical parameters. This property has been used in many systems for the formation of nanostructures when a soft matter such as liquid crystals acts as a mold that can be easily tuned and also removed once the material has been synthesized. In this review, we describe the general bases of the mechanisms that lead to nanostructured materials. Specific emphasis is given on the evaporation-induced self-assembly (EISA) method, where a liquid crystal is obtained upon drying of a complex solution during evaporation in a thin film. We also describe how surface micropatterning can be obtained by coupling solid-state chemistry and soft matter and perspectives based on versatility of liquid crystals.
- liquid crystal;
- integrative chemistry;
- thin film;
- evaporation-induced self-assembly;