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Biomimetic Chemistry of Hybrid Materials

  1. Knut Rurack1,
  2. Ramón Martínez-Máñez2

Published Online: 15 MAR 2009

DOI: 10.1002/0470862106.ia420

Encyclopedia of Inorganic Chemistry

Encyclopedia of Inorganic Chemistry

How to Cite

Rurack, K. and Martínez-Máñez, R. 2009. Biomimetic Chemistry of Hybrid Materials. Encyclopedia of Inorganic Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. 1

    Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und -prüfung (BAM), Berlin, Germany

  2. 2

    Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Valencia, Spain

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 MAR 2009


The article discusses representative examples published in the field of functional biomimetic chemistry of hybrid materials between 2004 and mid-2007. First, we focus on the modification of morphological aspects of (bio)organic–inorganic hybrid materials to create sophisticated gating and switching mechanisms. The architecture of the systems is presented and the elements of control by external stimuli that have been established in recent years, such as optical, electrochemical, chemical, thermal, or magnetic means, are described. Various functions ranging from (site-specific) delivery to indication at the nanometric level are reported. Next we develop the idea of utilizing hybrid frameworks for biomimetic signaling inspired by the way nature has created binding pockets and the concept of induced-fit. Such a merging of inorganic scaffolds with supramolecular concepts results in enhanced molecular recognition and signaling. Finally selected recent advances in the field of hybrid biomimetic motors both of linear and rotary types are presented. The contribution shows how novel biomimetic functions can arise from synergisms between specifically designed hybrid materials and the implementation of supramolecular and/or bioorganic concepts.


  • biochemistry;
  • biomimics;
  • DNA;
  • gold;
  • hybrid materials;
  • molecular gates;
  • molecular motors;
  • nanoparticles;
  • quantum dots;
  • sensing;
  • silica;
  • supramolecular chemistry;
  • switches