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Approximate Density Functionals: Which Should I Choose?

  1. Dmitrij Rappoport,
  2. Nathan R. M. Crawford,
  3. Filipp Furche,
  4. Kieron Burke

Published Online: 15 SEP 2009

DOI: 10.1002/0470862106.ia615

Encyclopedia of Inorganic Chemistry

Encyclopedia of Inorganic Chemistry

How to Cite

Rappoport, D., Crawford, N. R. M., Furche, F. and Burke, K. 2009. Approximate Density Functionals: Which Should I Choose?. Encyclopedia of Inorganic Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. University of California, Irvine, CA, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 SEP 2009


Density functional methods have a long tradition in inorganic and bioinorganic chemistry. We introduce the density functional machinery and give an overview of most popular approximate exchange-correlation (XC) functionals. We present comparisons of density functionals for energies, structures, and reaction barriers of inorganic and bioinorganic systems, giving guidance on the title question. New development directions and current trends in density functional theory (DFT) are reviewed.


  • density functional theory;
  • exchange-correlation functionals;
  • computational benchmarks;
  • transition metal complexes;
  • metal clusters;
  • periodic solids;
  • molecular structures;
  • reaction energies