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Europium: Radionuclides

  1. Xiangke Wang,
  2. Jiaxing Li

Published Online: 15 JUN 2010

DOI: 10.1002/0470862106.ia735

Encyclopedia of Inorganic Chemistry

Encyclopedia of Inorganic Chemistry

How to Cite

Wang, X. and Li, J. 2010. Europium: Radionuclides. Encyclopedia of Inorganic Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei, People's Republic of China

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JUN 2010

Abstract

The physicochemical behavior of europium in the environment and the speciation of europium under different experimental conditions are described. The behavior and speciation of Eu(III) in the environment are dominated by the surface properties of solid particles, presence of natural organic and inorganic materials, pH values of the systems, and other parameters. Europium can be characterized and analyzed by spectrophotometry, polarography, atomic adsorption spectrometry (AAS), atomic emission spectrometry (AES), atomic fluorescence spectrometry (AFS), atom mass spectrometry (AMS), X-ray fluorescence spectrometry (XFS), neutron activation analysis (NAA), and liquid scintillation counting (LSC).

Keywords:

  • europium;
  • speciation;
  • sorption;
  • analysis