Indian Ocean: Radionuclides
Published Online: 15 JUN 2010
Copyright © 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
Encyclopedia of Inorganic Chemistry
How to Cite
Povinec, P. P. 2010. Indian Ocean: Radionuclides. Encyclopedia of Inorganic Chemistry. .
- Published Online: 15 JUN 2010
The distribution of global fallout radionuclides in Indian Ocean waters about four decades after their main injection from atmospheric nuclear weapons tests on the ocean surface is discussed. Recent data obtained in the framework of the WOMARS (Worldwide Marine Radioactivity Studies) and SHOTS (Southern Hemisphere Ocean Tracer Studies) projects are evaluated and compared with previous investigations carried out in the northern and southern Indian Ocean. The results indicate transport of surface waters labeled with radionuclides from the Mediterranean Sea, as well as from the Northwestern Pacific through the Indonesian Seas to the Indian Ocean. After passing the equator the waters circulate in the South Indian Ocean subtropical gyre, which accumulates radionuclide tracers and other contaminants on timescales of decades. This accumulation of contaminants in the Southern Indian Ocean is of environmental importance for the protection of the marine environment from land-based contamination sources.
- global fallout;
- anthropogenic radionuclides;
- 3H, 14C, 90Sr;
- 129I, 137Cs;
- Pu isotopes;
- Indian Ocean;
- subtropical gyre;