UNIT 2.13 Preparation of Genomic DNA from Mammalian Sperm

  1. Alexandra Weyrich

Published Online: 1 APR 2012

DOI: 10.1002/0471142727.mb0213s98

Current Protocols in Molecular Biology

Current Protocols in Molecular Biology

How to Cite

Weyrich, A. 2012. Preparation of Genomic DNA from Mammalian Sperm. Current Protocols in Molecular Biology. 98:VI:2.13:2.13.1–2.13.3.

Author Information

  1. Evolutionary Genetics (FG2), Leibniz Institute for Zoo and Wildlife Research (IZW), Berlin, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 APR 2012
  2. Published Print: APR 2012


Semen consists of spermatozoa and the seminal fluid, also called seminal plasma. This fluid is important for the survival of the spermatozoa, but may decrease the purity and thus quality of the DNA due to its fructose and protein content. In this protocol, spermatozoa are washed with ethanol to remove the fluid. The spermatozoa themselves are protected by a membrane rich in disulfide bonds, which impede cell lysis and thus hamper DNA isolation. To break disulfide bonds a strong antioxidant, such as dithiothreitol (DDT), is necessary. Similar to other protocols for DNA isolation from other mammalian tissues, proteinase K and SDS are included in the lysis reaction. After lysis of the sperm cells, the DNA is precipitated using ethanol and then redissolved in TE-buffer or ddH2O. Curr. Protoc. Mol. Biol. 98:2.13.1-2.13.3. © 2012 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.


  • testis;
  • nucleic acids;
  • mammal;
  • sperm;
  • disulfide bonds