Unit

UNIT 10.4 Two-Dimensional Gel Electrophoresis Using the O'Farrell System

  1. Lonnie D. Adams1,
  2. Sean R. Gallagher (minigels)2

Published Online: 1 MAY 2001

DOI: 10.1002/0471142727.mb1004s18

Current Protocols in Molecular Biology

Current Protocols in Molecular Biology

How to Cite

Adams, L. D. and Gallagher (minigels), S. R. 2001. Two-Dimensional Gel Electrophoresis Using the O'Farrell System. Current Protocols in Molecular Biology. 10:II:10.4.

Author Information

  1. 1

    The Upjohn Company, Kalamazoo, Michigan

  2. 2

    Motorola Corporation, Tempe, Arizona

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 MAY 2001
  2. Published Print: APR 1992

This is not the most recent version of the article. View current version (1 SEP 2004)

Abstract

Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis is the combination of two high-resolution electrophoretic procedures (isoelectric focusing and SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis) to provide much greater resolution than either procedure alone. In the first-dimension gel, solubilized proteins are separated according to their isoelectric point (pI) by isoelectric focusing. This gel is then applied to the top of an SDS-slab gel and electrophoresed. The proteins in the first-dimension gel migrate into the second-dimension gel where they are separated on the basis of their molecular weight. The basic protocols in this unit are based on the type of equipment originally described by O'Farrell in 1975. For very basic or very acidic proteins, two alternate protocols are provided. A third alternate protocol describes how two-dimensional electrophoresis can be performed using a minigel system. Protein sample preparation is presented in the support protocol.