UNIT 14.12 Toll Receptors

  1. Kiyoshi Takeda,
  2. Shizuo Akira

Published Online: 1 FEB 2003

DOI: 10.1002/0471142735.im0101s52

Current Protocols in Immunology

Current Protocols in Immunology

How to Cite

Takeda, K. and Akira, S. 2003. Toll Receptors. Current Protocols in Immunology. 14:14.12.

Author Information

  1. Osaka University and Japan Science and Technology Corporation, Osaka, Japan

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 FEB 2003
  2. Published Print: DEC 2002

This is not the most recent version of the article. View current version (1 APR 2015)


This has led to the identification of several important roles for Toll receptors in mammals. This unit discusses mammalian Toll receptors (TLR1-10) that have an essential role in the innate immune recognition of microorganisms. Also discussed are TLR-mediated signaling pathways and antibodies that are available to detect specific TLRs.