UNIT 2.14 Nucleic Acid Immunizations

  1. Harriet L. Robinson,
  2. Tamera M. Pertmer

Published Online: 1 MAY 2001

DOI: 10.1002/0471142735.im0214s27

Current Protocols in Immunology

Current Protocols in Immunology

How to Cite

Robinson, H. L. and Pertmer, T. M. 2001. Nucleic Acid Immunizations. Current Protocols in Immunology. 27:IV:2.14:2.14.1–2.14.19.

Author Information

  1. Yerkes Primate Research Center, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 MAY 2001
  2. Published Print: SEP 1998


This unit provides protocols for two broadly used methods of DNA immunization: saline injections and gene gun deliveries of DNA. Saline injections deliver DNA into extracellular spaces; gene gun deliveries bombard DNA directly into cells. Support protocols present methods for preparation of DNA-coated gold beads, creation of cartridges containing these beads, and optimization of gene gun parameters. Issues relating to plasmid vectors, DNA preparation and doses, and immunization regimens are also discussed. Expression library immunizations, genetic and conventional adjuvants, alternative boosts, neonatal immunizations, and approaches to mucosal delivery of DNA are covered in the commentary.