UNIT 14.2 Activation of Murine Macrophages

  1. David M. Mosser,
  2. Xia Zhang

Published Online: 1 NOV 2008

DOI: 10.1002/0471142735.im1402s83

Current Protocols in Immunology

Current Protocols in Immunology

How to Cite

Mosser, D. M. and Zhang, X. 2008. Activation of Murine Macrophages. Current Protocols in Immunology. 83:14.2:14.2.1–14.2.8.

Author Information

  1. Department of Cell Biology and Molecular Genetics, The Maryland Pathogen Research Institute, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 NOV 2008
  2. Published Print: NOV 2008

This is not the most recent version of the article. View current version (2 NOV 2015)


Our understanding of cell mediated immunity (CMI) has revealed the importance of activated macrophages as key immune effector cells. Over the past decade, we have come to realize that macrophages exhibit remarkable plasticity, and different populations of macrophages with distinct physiologies can develop in response to different stimuli. In fact, it is likely that the number of different macrophage populations that can arise may be as diverse as the activating stimuli that induce them. Some of these stimuli can instruct macrophages to kill microbes (classical activation), lay down extracellular matrix components to promote wound healing (alternative activation), or secrete anti-inflammatory cytokines to terminate inflammation (regulatory macrophages). New ways to biochemically identify these cells have led to a better understanding of the heterogeneity of activated macrophages. As our understanding of the various macrophage populations increases, so does the potential for therapeutic intervention based on targeting specific populations of activated macrophages. Curr. Protoc. Immunol. 83:14.2.1-14.2.8. © 2008 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.


  • Toll-like receptors;
  • lipopolysaccharide;
  • immune complexes;
  • interferon-γ;
  • tumor necrosis factor;
  • IL-4;
  • IL-10;
  • IL-12;
  • mannose receptor