UNIT 6.34 Flow Cytometry–Based Cytotoxicity and Antibody Binding Assay
Published Online: 9 OCT 2013
Copyright © 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.
Lab Protocol Title
Current Protocols in Cytometry
How to Cite
Alheim, M. 2013. Flow Cytometry–Based Cytotoxicity and Antibody Binding Assay. Current Protocols in Cytometry. 66:6.34:6.34.1–6.34.11.
- Published Online: 9 OCT 2013
Human leukocyte antigen (HLA) antibodies with the ability to activate complement are associated with an increased risk of early antibody-mediated graft rejection in kidney transplantation (KTx). Detection of these potentially harmful complement-fixing HLA antibodies is commonly performed via the complement-dependent cytotoxicity (CDC) assay according to protocols that were developed as early as 40 years ago. The read-out for this assay is based on manual scoring by visual inspection of cells under a fluorescence microscope. CDC is often used in combination with the flow cytometry–based lymphocyte crossmatch assay (FCXM), which, with high sensitivity, detects HLA antibody binding. Here we describe a new approach wherein both cytotoxicity and antibody binding can be simultaneously assessed with flow cytometry. Two strategies are described, using either magnetic bead–enriched T and B lymphocytes or bulk peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) as donor target cells. Curr. Protoc. Cytom. 66:6.34.1-6.34.11. © 2013 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
- kidney transplantation;
- HLA antibodies;
- flow cytometry;
- complement dependent cytotoxicity