5. Virtual Reality and the Vestibular System: A Brief Review

  1. Metin Akay2 and
  2. Andy Marsh3
  1. Erik Viirre,
  2. Zsolt Lorant,
  3. Mark Draper and
  4. Thomas A. Furness III

Published Online: 9 OCT 2001

DOI: 10.1002/0471206458.ch5

Information Technologies in Medicine: Rehabilitation and Treatment, Volume II

Information Technologies in Medicine: Rehabilitation and Treatment, Volume II

How to Cite

Viirre, E., Lorant, Z., Draper, M. and Furness, T. A. (2001) Virtual Reality and the Vestibular System: A Brief Review, in Information Technologies in Medicine: Rehabilitation and Treatment, Volume II (eds M. Akay and A. Marsh), John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, USA. doi: 10.1002/0471206458.ch5

Editor Information

  1. 2

    Dartmouth College

  2. 3

    National Technical University of Athens

Author Information

  1. Human Interface Technology Laboratory, Box 352142, University of Washington Seattle, WA 98195-2142

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 9 OCT 2001
  2. Published Print: 13 APR 2001

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780471414926

Online ISBN: 9780471206453

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Keywords:

  • VR;
  • vestibular system;
  • motion sickness;
  • VOR;
  • applications;
  • side effect

Summary

Motion sickness can be one of the consequences of VR simulation. This chapter gives information on the vestibular system, both anatomy and function. It also discusses use of VR on treating various phobias, why this motion sickness occurs and the possible effect of VR simulation on patients with balance disorders.

Problem 1. A 25-year-old man sits in a flight simulator and plays with the instrument for 2 h. Afterward he feels nauseated and unsteady, experiences imbalance, and vomits. The symptoms quickly disappear, but he must wait several hours before driving home.

Problem 2. A 25-year-old male patient comes to the emergency room complaining of sudden attacks of spinning dizziness, nausea; he vomits several times. The acute symptoms gradually go away; however, for months afterward he feels unsteady and experiences instability in his vision (the world jiggles when he walks or drives a car).

What is the connection between these two situations? In both cases, the description of the individuals are the same and the symptoms are similar.