Chapter 6. Novel Cold Cathode Materials

  1. Wei Zhu Ph.D.
  1. Wei Zhu1,
  2. Peter K. Baumann2 and
  3. Christopher A. Bower1

Published Online: 15 APR 2002

DOI: 10.1002/0471224332.ch6

Vacuum Microelectronics

Vacuum Microelectronics

How to Cite

Zhu, W., Baumann, P. K. and Bower, C. A. (2001) Novel Cold Cathode Materials, in Vacuum Microelectronics (ed W. Zhu), John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, USA. doi: 10.1002/0471224332.ch6

Editor Information

  1. Bell Laboratories—Lucent Technologies, 600 Mountain Avenue, Murray Hill, NJ 07974, USA

Author Information

  1. 1

    Bell Laboratories, Lucent Technologies, 600 Mountain Avenue, Murray Hill, New Jersey 07974-0636

  2. 2

    AIXTRON AG, Kackertstr. 15–17, 52072 Aachen, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 APR 2002
  2. Published Print: 1 OCT 2001

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780471322443

Online ISBN: 9780471224334



  • novel cold cathodes;
  • carbon emitter;
  • diamond emitter;
  • carbon nanotube emitter;
  • diamond-like carbon emitter;
  • surface conduction emitter (SCE);
  • metal-insulator-metal (MIM) emitter;
  • ferroelectric emitter;
  • negative electron affinity (NEA)


Chapter 6 describes emerging new cathodes by reviewing field emission properties of carbon-based field emitters, including diamond, diamond-like carbon and carbon nanotube materials, and discussing physical mechanisms involved and potential device applications that are being explored. Three non-carbon based cathodes—surface conduction emitters (SCEs), ferroelectric emitters and metal-insulator-metal (MIM) emitters—are also briefly reviewed.