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Hydroxy Dicarboxylic Acids

  1. Gary T. Blair1,
  2. Jeffrey J. DeFraties2

Published Online: 4 DEC 2000

DOI: 10.1002/0471238961.0825041802120109.a01

Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology

Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology

How to Cite

Blair, G. T. and DeFraties, J. J. 2000. Hydroxy Dicarboxylic Acids. Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology. .

Author Information

  1. 1

    Haarmann & Reimer Corporation

  2. 2

    Haarmann & Reimer Corporation

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 4 DEC 2000

Chemistry Terms

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Abstract

Malic acid and tartaric acid are two hydroxy dicarboxylic acids of commercial significance. Thiomalic acid and derivatives of malic and tartaric acid are discussed briefly. For malic and tartaric acids, physical and chemical properties, manufacturing process, commercial significance, health and safety properties, and primary applications, including food, pharmaceutical, and industrial, are reviewed. The primary chemical reactions are summarized; chelation and corrosion are discussed. The primary chemical reactions are summarized; chelation and corrosion are discussed. The commercial production procedures for malic acid and tartaric acid are summarized. Compendial specifications (Food Chemicals Codex, National Formulary) for malic acid and tartaric acid are listed.

Keywords:

  • Malic acid;
  • Fruits;
  • Thimalic acid;
  • Tartaric acid;
  • Beverages;
  • Candy;
  • Hair Preparations;
  • Salts Winemaking;
  • Cream of tartar

Featured Compounds

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  1. 1 - 9
Compound 1
Molecular Weight:134.0874
Molecular Formula:C4H6O5
InChIKey:BJEPYKJPYRNKOW-REOHCLBHSA-N
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Compound 2
Molecular Weight:134.0874
Molecular Formula:C4H6O5
InChIKey:BJEPYKJPYRNKOW-UWTATZPHSA-N
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Compound 3
Molecular Weight:134.0874
Molecular Formula:C4H6O5
InChIKey:AZBKLHBBWOIBMI-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound 4
Molecular Weight:150.0868
Molecular Formula:C4H6O6
InChIKey:FEWJPZIEWOKRBE-JCYAYHJZSA-N
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Compound 5
Molecular Weight:150.0868
Molecular Formula:C4H6O6
InChIKey:Not Available
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Compound 6
Molecular Weight:150.0868
Molecular Formula:C4H6O6
InChIKey:FEWJPZIEWOKRBE-XIXRPRMCSA-N
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Compound 7
Molecular Weight:148.071
Molecular Formula:C4H4O6
InChIKey:BZCOSCNPHJNQBP-UPHRSURJSA-N
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Compound 8
Molecular Weight:180.0698
Molecular Formula:C4H6O8
InChIKey:XHWHHMNORMIBBB-UHFFFAOYSA-L
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Compound 9
Molecular Weight:120.0609
Molecular Formula:C3H4O5
InChIKey:Not Available
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  1. 1 - 9