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Climate Change, Freshwater Ecosystems

  1. Martin Kernan1,
  2. Richard W. Battarbee1,
  3. Brian Moss2

Published Online: 18 JAN 2013

DOI: 10.1002/0471238961.climkern.a01

Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology

Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology

How to Cite

Kernan, M., Battarbee, R. W. and Moss, B. 2013. Climate Change, Freshwater Ecosystems. Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology. 1–34.

Author Information

  1. 1

    University College London

  2. 2

    University of Liverpool

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 18 JAN 2013


This article considers the interactions between climate change and other drivers of change including hydromorphological modification, acid deposition, contamination by toxic substances using evidence from laboratory experiments, field experiments, and modeling. This article evaluates these processes in relation to extreme events, seasonal changes, in ecosystems, trends over the decades, mitigation strategies, and ecosystem recovery.

Aspects of hydrophysical, hydrochemical, and ecological change can be used as early indicators of climate change in aquatic ecosystems and it addresses implications for the future climate change for freshwater ecosystems management at the catchment scale


  • climate change;
  • freshwater;
  • acidifcation;
  • restoration;
  • pollutants