Standard Article

Genetically Modified Microorganisms (GMM) in Soil Environments

  1. Leo Van Overbeek,
  2. Dick Van Elsas

Published Online: 15 JAN 2003

DOI: 10.1002/0471263397.env164

Encyclopedia of Environmental Microbiology

Encyclopedia of Environmental Microbiology

How to Cite

Van Overbeek, L. and Van Elsas, D. 2003. Genetically Modified Microorganisms (GMM) in Soil Environments. Encyclopedia of Environmental Microbiology. .

Author Information

  1. Plant Research International B.V., Wageningen, The Netherlands

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JAN 2003


  • Construction of GMMs and Containment

  • Biotic and Abiotic Factors Influencing Bacterial Survival in Soil

  • Physiological Aspects that Affect the Fate of Bacteria Introduced into Soil

  • Tracking Genetically Modified Strains in Soil Environments

  • Assessing the Effects of GMMs on Populations Indigenous to Soil

  • Prospects for the Use of Environmentally-Induced Promoters in Soil


  • biodegradation;
  • genetically engineered microorganisms (GEM);
  • genetically modified microorganisms (GMM);
  • soils