Standard Article

Desert Environments: Biological Soil Crusts

  1. Ferran Garcia-Pichel

Published Online: 15 JAN 2003

DOI: 10.1002/0471263397.env166

Encyclopedia of Environmental Microbiology

Encyclopedia of Environmental Microbiology

How to Cite

Garcia-Pichel, F. 2003. Desert Environments: Biological Soil Crusts. Encyclopedia of Environmental Microbiology. .

Author Information

  1. Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JAN 2003


  • Structure, Development, Composition, and Diversity

  • Functional Aspects and Biogeochemistry

  • Environmental Impact and Conservation Efforts


  • desert environments;
  • extreme environments;
  • soil crusts, biological;
  • soils