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Viable but not Culturable (VBNC) Microorganisms

  1. Arthur L. Koch

Published Online: 15 JAN 2003

DOI: 10.1002/0471263397.env222

Encyclopedia of Environmental Microbiology

Encyclopedia of Environmental Microbiology

How to Cite

Koch, A. L. 2003. Viable but not Culturable (VBNC) Microorganisms. Encyclopedia of Environmental Microbiology. .

Author Information

  1. Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JAN 2003


  • The Concept of the Viable but non Culturable (VBNC) Cell

  • The Reality of the VBNC Phenomenon

  • Other Cases of Organisms ‘Choosing’ not to Grow Maximally

  • Still Other Kinds of Lethal Processes

  • The Different kinds of Bacterial Death


  • viable but not culturable (VBNC) microorganisms