Standard Article

Fecal Contamination, Sources of

  1. Salina Parveen1,2,
  2. Mark L. Tamplin3

Published Online: 15 JAN 2003

DOI: 10.1002/0471263397.env245

Encyclopedia of Environmental Microbiology

Encyclopedia of Environmental Microbiology

How to Cite

Parveen, S. and Tamplin, M. L. 2003. Fecal Contamination, Sources of. Encyclopedia of Environmental Microbiology. .

Author Information

  1. 1

    University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida

  2. 2

    Delaware State University, Dover, Delaware

  3. 3

    Water Examination Technologies Inc., Gainesville, Florida

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JAN 2003


  • Microorganisms Used for Detecting Sources of Fecal Contamination

  • New Approaches for Differentiating Bacterial Strains

  • Multiple Antibiotic Resistance (MAR)

  • O-Serogrouping

  • Pulsed-Field Gel Electrophoresis (PFGE)

  • Ribotyping


  • antibiotic resistance;
  • fecal contamination, sources of;
  • sources of fecal contamination