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Activated Sludge—Microbiology of Nitrogen Removal

  1. Ingo Schmidt,
  2. Marc Strous,
  3. Mike M. S. Jetten

Published Online: 15 JAN 2003

DOI: 10.1002/0471263397.env278

Encyclopedia of Environmental Microbiology

Encyclopedia of Environmental Microbiology

How to Cite

Schmidt, I., Strous, M. and Jetten, M. M. S. 2003. Activated Sludge—Microbiology of Nitrogen Removal. Encyclopedia of Environmental Microbiology. .

Author Information

  1. University Nijmegen, Toernooiveld, The Netherlands

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JAN 2003


  • The Biological Nitrogen Cycle

  • Oxidation of Ammonia

  • Anoxic Metabolism (Anoxic Ammonia Oxidation)

  • Anaerobic Ammonium Oxidation (Anammox)

  • Heterotrophic Ammonia Oxidation

  • Oxidation of Nitrite

  • Denitrification


  • activated sludge;
  • nitrogen removal in;
  • anammox;
  • nitrogen removal in activated sludge;
  • wastewater treatment