Standard Article

Subsurface Samples: Collection and Processing

  1. Philip E. Long1,
  2. W. Timothy Griffin2,
  3. Tommy J. Phelps3

Published Online: 15 JAN 2003

DOI: 10.1002/0471263397.env305

Encyclopedia of Environmental Microbiology

Encyclopedia of Environmental Microbiology

How to Cite

Long, P. E., Griffin, W. T. and Phelps, T. J. 2003. Subsurface Samples: Collection and Processing. Encyclopedia of Environmental Microbiology. .

Author Information

  1. 1

    Battelle Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, Washington

  2. 2

    Golder Associates Inc., Oak Ridge, Tennessee

  3. 3

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JAN 2003


  • Evaluating Research Objectives and Sample Needs

  • Assessing the Sampling Target

  • Selecting a Sampling Technology

  • Quality Assurance

  • Sample Processing

  • Future Developments


  • methodology;
  • quality assurance/quality control in subsurface sampling and processing;
  • processing of subsurface samples;
  • sampling in subsurface environments;
  • sampling techniques;
  • subsurface microbiology